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Простые неличные формы причастия: PI (Present Participle) и PII (Past Participle) в функциях определения, обстоятельства, в составе сказуемого. Видовременные формы глагола. Вариант 2. Контрольная работа.

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Для того чтобы правильно выполнить данную контрольную работу, необходимо изучить такие разделы грамматики английского языка, как:
1. простые неличные формы причастия: PI (Present Participle) и PII (Past Participle) в функциях определения, обстоятельства, в составе сказуемого (см.грамматический комментарий) .
2. видовременные формы глагола: страдательный залог – формы Indefinite (Present, Past, Future); Continuous (Present, Past); Perfect (Present, Past, Future).
3. модальные глаголы can, may, must и их эквиваленты

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту на английском языке.
Rural Electrification
During the 1930s electric power lines were extended into small towns and in some cases electricity was provided for farms. The mere fact that a power line had been constructed was considered by most people as «rural electrification». Uses for electricity were generally confined to lighting or pumping water. More emphasis was placed on uses in the home than uses in production of livestock or crops.
This general concept of rural electrification continued through 1950s.
Later, however, electrical appliances were available – the economy was better – and everyone wanted electric service. This was still «rural electrification», and it was not until late in the 1960s that the job of constructing power lines into rural areas was fairly well completed.
Beginning in the middle 1970s a large scale program was begun to promote the use of electricity along rural lines. Much of this load building effort was directed toward residential uses for electric cooking, refrigeration, water heating, lighting, water systems, and automatic laundry equipment. During this period farmers began to increase the uses of electricity for feed preparation, material handling, environmentally controlled systems for poultry, swine, and dairy animals, and irrigation. By 1980, electrically operated systems had been developed to do all sorts of farm jobs.
Today – «rural electrification» involves much more than extending a power line, selling an appliance, or matching a productive system to the need of a farm operator. In fact, «rural electrification» has new meaning for many – and rightly so. To some who are engaged as agricultural engineers, it may still mean «farm electrification», while to many others who are engaged in the total progress of a region, it means «rural development».

Вопросы к тексту
• What was electricity generally used for?
• When was electricity promoted along the rural lines?
• What did farmers use electricity for?

Задание 2: Составьте словосочетания, сопоставляя слова из двух колонок. Переведите их.

to provide
to place
to be engaged
in the total progress

Задание 3: Подчеркните в предложениях Participle I (причастие 1) и Participle II (причастие 2). Переведите предложения:
1. Great Britain is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
2. We use the mechanical energy of falling water to drive turbine generators in hydroelectric stations.
3. Electricity is clean, inexpensive, and easily transmitted long distances.
4. The scientist making the report is very young.

Задание 4: Подчеркните в предложениях глагол-сказуемое. Определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения:

1. The lowest temperature theoretically possible is called the absolute zero.
2. The new plastics will be mainly used as insulators in electrical circuit.
3. The number of cycles per second is called the frequency of the current.
4. These power stations have been connected by high voltage transmission lines into several networks.

Задание 5: Подчеркните в каждом из предложений модальный глагол или его эквиваленты. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. I ll be able to do this work tomorrow.
2. Irrigation is to be used on many farms.
3. Fertilizers used in modern agriculture may be subdivided into organic and mineral.
4. They must use fresh water efficiently, because its amount is very small.

Задание 6: Выпишите из текста одно предложение, в котором содержится:
a). страдательный залог
b). Participle I или Participle II
c).модальный глагол

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